Lizzy

I am Masingita Lizzy Maluleke.I did Bachelor degree of Enviremental Sciences at the University of Venda for science and technology majored with Geography and Ecology and Resourse Managenment.I am presantly doing honours with the university of the Western Cape in Ecological Informatics.

Friday, May 12, 2006

THE MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY HOMINIDAE.


The family of Hominidae consists of the gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutanas and human and all of them are known as the great ape. It is said the true membership of the Hominidae are not clear. Hominidae share 97 % of their DNA with the modern human. Chimpanzees, human and gorillas species are closely related to each other but their DNA are different. The DNA of a common chimpanzees and pygmy differs at about 0.7 % while at between human and chimpanzee differ at about 1.6% of their DNA even if the share 97 %.


Orangatans are the species of great apes with long arms and the ward orangutanas means man of the forest. They are the rain forest inhabitant and they spend their time in the trees making new nests. Orangutanas weight at about 82 kilograms and the height of the males is 1.4 mitres tall and the females are smaller than the females. They have reddish and brown hairs. They are extant species in the genus Pongo and subfamily Pongonae. Orangutanas are very clever species, passive and violence toward other orangutanas is very common. They are friendless animal and they can be violently protective.


Gorillas are the chief of the chimpanzee or an ape and their genus name is gorilla. Gorillas are herbivores animals meaning that they feed themselves on plants and fruits from the trees and shoots. These species are found in the forest of central Africa. They share 92 to 98 % of their DNA with the human and this means that they are closely related to a human. Gorillas had a robust built with arms and short legs. They have a massive chest and broad hand. They are knuckle walking, and they have a long and hair which insult it from the living cold at high elevation.


The body of the gorillas is covered by brownish hairs and they have a big head with building forehead thin ears and small dark brown eye. They have facial features like wrinkle around the nose. Gorillas use both arms and feet to walk. The height of male adult ranges between 1.65 m and 1.75 m tall. Their weight ranges between 140 and 165 kg. Females are about half of weight of males. Gorillas have bloated stomach and all share the blood type B.


The chimpanzees have a very long arms and short legs. Their body is covered by black hairs. They have a slight brow ridge, large ears and small nostrils. The genus name of chimpanzees is Pan. Chimpanzees are divided in to groups such as common chimpanzees and pygm chimpanzee. These species are omnivores meaning that they feed themselves on animals, plants and fruits. They found in forest and they are walking with two feet.


Human beings are bipedal meaning that they are walking with two feet. And they are belonging to the Homo sapiens which mean wise man. Human have develop brain, of abstract reasoning, language and introspection. They have body types which are determined by their genes. They are also omnivores meaning that they eat meat and plants. Human and chimpanzees are closely related to each other. Hominidae share 97 % of their DNA with the modern human and all these Hominidae ate related to each other.

Reference:


Wikipedia contributors. Great Apes [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 2006 May 10, 02:58 UTC [cited 2006 May 12, 15: 45]. Available from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Apes

Lizzy Maluleke
CSIR PTA
0001
Cell number 072 351 8488
Tell [012] 841 2133
Fax [012] 842 3676
E-mail mmaluleke@csir.co.za
Weblog: http://mmaluleke.blogspot.com

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